Butterfly classification manuscript in the Johann Siegfried Hufnagel schemata tradition
- approximately 1780
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for use.
Conditions Governing Use
0.167 Cubic Feet (1 legal size folder)
Biographical / Historical
Scope and Contents
This item is a bound, handwritten manuscript with a written and illustrated butterfly classification produced in the schemata tradition of Johann Siegfried Hufnagel. "Tabellen über schmetterling" (Tables about butterflies) is embossed in gold on the spine. The manuscript is divided into three parts: I. Tabelle von den Tagevogeln. II. Tabelle, worinnend die Abendvogel (Sphinges Linnaeis) angezeigt und den vornehmsten Umstiinden nach beschrieben werden. III. Tabelle fiber die Nachtvogel.
The manuscript was handwritten in ink in Germany and includes 10 hand-colored drawings of butterflies pasted on to front and final free endpapers. A nineteenth-century armorial book-plate of Freiherr von Malsen-Ponickau, with shelf mark in ink, is pasted on the inner cover. The first text page includes an ownership inscription by Cordula [... v.?] Ponickau and a stamp. The manuscript begins with a brief general introduction, with the note that Linnaean classification will be followed where present, and that German names will also be given. On the reverse of the first leaf, reference is made to August Christian Kuhn's guide to collecting insects 'Anleitung Insekten zu sammeln', Eisenach, 1773, and his classification of the 'Sommervogel', i.e. butterflies, is copied.
Each entry is divided into eight fields and gives the Latin and German name of the butterfly and its colour and charactistic markings, followed by information on colour and characteristics of the butterfly pupae, location, habitat, season and frequency when either butterfly pupae or butterflies may be found. This classification is very similar indeed, though not totally identical, to Hufnagel's published articles. This manuscript was approximately created in 1780. The creator is unknown.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Part of the John Work Garrett Library (Evergreen Museum and Library) Repository
4545 N. Charles Street
Baltimore MD 21218 USA