Ernest Bueding collection of Albert Schweitzer letters
Scope and Contents
The materials in this collection were collected to document the friendship between Dr. Albert Schweitzer and Dr. Ernest Bueding. The collection consists of original manuscript letters of Albert Schweitzer, correspondence of Dr. Bueding concerning Schweitzer's work, printed material about Schweitzer, and original and copy photographs of Schweitzer. The collection contains an autographed copy of Schweitzer's A l'orée de la fôret vièrge (1929).
- Creation: 1929-1987
Language of Materials
The letters from Schweitzer are mainly in German with some in French. Bueding's correspondence with the pharmaceutical companies is in English.
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is housed off-site and requires 48-hours' notice for retrieval. Please contact Special Collections for more information.
Collection is open for use.
Conditions Governing Use
Single copies may be made for research purposes. Researchers are responsible for determining any copyright questions. It is not necessary to seek our permission as the owner of the physical work to publish or otherwise use public domain materials that we have made available for use, unless Johns Hopkins University holds the copyright.
Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) was an Alsatian musician, philosopher, physician, missionary, and author. For over fifty years until his death Schweitzer operated a medical mission at Lambarene in what was then French Equatorial Africa (now Gabon). Ernest Bueding was a parasite biochemist and pharmacologist who shared Schwitzer's interest in medicine and music.
Bueding first met Schweitzer in the early 1930s. At that time Schweitzer was hospitalized in the Institute awaiting the results of tests of a vaccine for yellow fever--tests in which Schweitzer insisted that he himself be the guinea pig before he would allow the vaccine to be used on his patients at Lambarene. Ernest Bueding, as the youngest member of the staff, was delegated to be the person who should help Schweitzer pass the time.
By the mid-1940s Bueding had completed his training as a parasite biochemist and pharmacologist, and he renewed his interest in Schweitzer's medical work especially his work with leprosy. Bueding helped procure drugs for Schweitzer to use at his mission. The two corresponded until 1957, but Bueding retained his interest in Schweitzer's work by collecting material about Schweitzer until Bueding's death in 1986.
0.79 Cubic Feet (1 legal size document box, 1 flat box (15.5 x 12 x 3 inches))
Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) was an Alsatian musician, philosopher, physician, missionary, and author. Ernest Bueding was a parasite biochemist and pharmacologist who shared Schweitzer's interest in medicine and music. The collection consists of original manuscript letters of Albert Schweitzer, correspondence of Bueding concerning Schweitzer's work, printed material about Schweitzer, and original and copy photographs of Schweitzer.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The letters were donated in part by Ernest Bueding in 1981 and added to by Raya Bueding, his widow, in 1988.
The letters written by Albert Schweitzer, the copy of Schweitzer's A L'Oree de la Foret Vierge, and the copy photographs were donated by Ernest Bueding in 1981. Raya Bueding donated Ernest Bueding's correspondence with the drug companies, one photograph and the printed material in 1988.
Existence and Location of Copies
Both the Albert Schweitzer Center in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, and the Archives Centrales Albert Schweitzer in Gunsbach, France hold copies of some of this material. Contact those institutions for more information.
Processed in January 1988 by Cynthia H. Requardt.
Liz Beckman revised the Biographical Note, Immediate Source of Acquisition, and a folder title in this finding aid in September 2023 to bring them into compliance with Johns Hopkins guidelines for inclusive and conscientious description (2023). The previous version of the finding aid is available upon request.
- American Leprosy Missions (Organization)
- American Mission to Lepers (Organization)
- Ciba Pharmaceutical Company (Organization)
- Hoffmann-La Roche, Inc. (Organization)
- Lederle Laboratories (Organization)
- Eli Lilly and Company (Organization)
- Merck & Co. (Organization)
- Parke, Davis & Company (Organization)
- G.D. Searle & Co. (Organization)
- Winthrop Chemical Company (New York, N.Y.) (Organization)
- Bueding, Ernest, 1910-1986 (Person)
- Schweitzer, Albert, 1875-1965 (Person)
- Ernest Bueding collection of Albert Schweitzer letters
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English
Part of the Special Collections Repository
The Sheridan Libraries
3400 N Charles St
Baltimore MD 21218 USA