Costakis collection of World War I posters
- approximately 1914-1918
- Costakis, Georgi (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
1.18 Cubic Feet (2 flat boxes)
Biographical / Historical
At the time of the 1905 revolution, Russian artists became heavily involved in anti-government satire for the first time; a tradition of satirical commentary began to develop. The enemy for many artists was at that time (as later) the bourgeoisie and the imperial regime, but with the outbreak of war in 1914, the anti-imperialist sentiments of the previous decade gave way in many quarters to a new nationalism, even chauvinism. In August-September 1914 a government publishing house, The Modern Lubok, was established in Moscow entirely for the production of lubok propaganda posters. Avant-garde artists such as Lentulov, Larionov, Chekrygin, and Malevich participated, as did Maiakovsky (who is often considered to have been associated with the anti-imperialist left from the time of his school days, but whose political and ideological history is extremely complex). The World War I posters in the Costakis collection illuminate aspects of the lubok enterprise.
As the Russian army suffered defeats in 1915, the production of propaganda posters gradually ceased. With the arrival of the Revolution, however, the machinery swung into high gear again, now on behalf of the Bolsheviks and against the tsar. Many of the same artists who had enthusiastically supported the anti-German tsarist cause turned their hands to work for the left against the right.
Scope and Contents
Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Part of the Special Collections Repository
The Sheridan Libraries
3400 N Charles St
Baltimore MD 21218 USA