The Roseanne Klass collection on Afghanistan and the Soviet-Afghan War
- Klass, Rosanne (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is only partially processed. Contact Special Collections for more information.
Conditions Governing Use
83.73 Cubic Feet (64 record center cartons, 1 letter size document box, 1 legal size document box, 1 legal half-size document box, 5 flat boxes (20.5 x 14.5 x 1.5 inches), 2 pamphlet boxes (17 x 6.5 x 10.5 inches))
Biography of Roseanne Klass
Historical Background on Afghanistan and Collection Focus
When the Khalq and Parcham parties in Afghanistan became reconciled in the 1970s, it was unclear whether the USSR meddled in these relations. The USSR denied and downplayed its influence in Afghanistan; recognizing Afghanistan as "socialist," and therefore a nation worthy of its protection (1979). Because the Soviets labeled Afghanistan as an undeveloped democracy, they felt justified in invasion.
Resistance groups consisted of seven factions characterized as two general groups: fundamentalists and moderates. Many of the men fighting in Afghanistan (the mujahideen) relocated their families to refugee camps in Pakistan. The USA began providing arms aid in 1982. Several media outlets advocated US medical aid, agricultural advice, food, school supplies, government instruction, and media equipment in order to facilitate a more robust resistance movement.
Other writers in the collection argue that Afghanistan was more strategically and geopolitically important than the US realized. The US disinterest caused Americans to view Afghanistan as "remote... primitive... and, in its [i.e. America's] official view of the world, strategically unimportant..." Since the Soviets had an interest in Persian Gulf oil resources, it is thought that conquering Afghanistan would further their direction.
Timeline of Afghanistan Conflict
- former Prime Minister Daoud seized power
- Nur Muhammad Taraki became President of Revolutionary Council and Prime Minister of Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
- Moscow signed treaty with Afghanistan
- Revolt spread into a countrywide insurgency
- Peshawar-based guerrilla organizations formed an alliance.
- Invasion forces killed Amin and installed Babrak Karmal.
- Massive Soviet ground forces invaded from the north.
- Amin refused to take Soviet advice.
- Soviet forces land in Kabul under the pretext of a field exercise.
- Hafizullah Amin seized power from Taraki.
- Mujahidin active in and around Kabul.
- Karmal regime demise; Karmal replaced by Muhammad Najibullah.
- Geneva accords.
- Heavy fighting in Kabul.
- Interim Islamic Jihad Council.
- Islamabad Accord.
- Kabul sinks further into anarchy.
- Taliban capture the city of Kandahar.
- Taliban occupies Kabul.
- Taliban occupies 90 percent of the country.
Scope and Contents
Other subjects represented are the negotiations, political figures, living conditions, and atrocities of the wars. A small administrative selection kept by Klass is included.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Bibliography for Biographical Note
- Who's who in the East, 1993-1994: including Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, D.C., and in Canada, the provinces of New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the eastern half of Ontario. 1992. New Providence, N.J.: Marquis Who's Who.
Bibliography for Conflict Timeline
- Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion in Perspective, Anthony Arnold (2nd ed., Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1985).
- Afghanistan and the Soviet Union, Henry S. Bradsher (2nd ed., Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1985).
- Background Note: Afghanistan, the US Department of State, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5380.htm
Folder titles were copied directly from folder headings.
This collection has not been completely processed. Boxes 8.1 and 9.1-9.2 were added later. See Conditions Governing Access note for more information.
- Afghanistan Information Center (Peshawar, Pakistan)
- Afghanistan Relief Committee
- Freedom Medicine
- Klass, Rosanne
- Military occupation
- Pictorial works
- Saur Revolution (Afghanistan : 1978)
- Soviet Occupation of Afghanistan (1979-1989)
- clippings (information artifacts)
- letters (correspondence)
Part of the Special Collections Repository
The Sheridan Libraries
3400 N Charles St
Baltimore MD 21218 USA