W. W. Holland papers
- 1903 - 1956
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for use.
Conditions Governing Use
1.73 Cubic Feet (3 legal size document boxes, 1 flat box (15.5 x 12 x 3 inches))
Holland left Hopkins in 1916 to take a position as an industrial chemist with Standard Oil of Indiana. His work at Standard Oil dealt with the cracking processes in refining petroleum. The president of Standard Oil of Indiana at that time was William Merriam Burton a chemist who received his Ph.D. from Hopkins in 1889. In 1913 Burton developed the first commercial process for cracking heavy petroleum to produce gasoline. Until the 1920s these Burton stills were the only commercial process for manufacturing gasoline. In 1919 Burton assigned Holland to the Pressure Still Service Department which oversaw the 960 Burton stills in use in the United States and Canada. In 1921 Holland went to Germany to demonstrate the operation of the Burton cracking process, and the following two years he traveled throughout the United States visiting Burton stills.
During 1928 and early 1929 Holland was the manager of the Pan American Petroleum Corporation's refinery on Aruba in the Dutch West Indies. In 1929 Holland began working for the Pure Oil Company in Chicago which was developing the Gyro process of refining gasoline. For a short time in 1932 Holland was employed by the Gyro Process Company but moved to Alco Products, Inc. when in June 1932 Alco took over the sales, design and engineering of the Gyro process. In 1933 Holland made a trip to the Soviet Union to present data on the Gyro process and to tour petroleum refineries.
By 1935 Holland was associated with the TVP (True Vapor Phase) Corporation, and by 1938 he had rejoined Standard Oil working for the Standard Oil Development Company in New York where he developed one of his several patents.
Holland retired in 1946 and died in 1956. Holland married Rosalie Eugenia Calvert in 1908, and they had two children Eugenia Calvert Holland and William Calvert Holland.
Scope and Contents
There are letters (1916-1919) from H.N. Morse concerning the patenting, marketing and further development of the feldspar process. There is a diary (1921-1923) of trips Holland took for Standard Oil to test or visit Burton stills in Germany and the United States. Holland also recorded his impressions of the Soviet Union after his trip in 1933. A copy of a scrapbook kept by Holland has some material on his student days at the Johns Hopkins University.
- Burton, William Merriam, 1865-1954
- Chemical engineering
- Chemical engineers
- Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
- Cracking process
- Feldspar industry
- Frazer, J. C. W. (Joseph Christie Whitney), 1875-1944
- Holland, W. W. (Willian West), 1881-1956
- Manners and customs
- Morse, Harmon Northrop, 1848-1920
- Pilot plants
- School of Arts and Sciences. Department of Chemistry
- Soviet Union
- Standard Oil Company (Indiana)
- Standard Oil Development Company
- United States
Part of the Special Collections Repository
The Sheridan Libraries
3400 N Charles St
Baltimore MD 21218 USA