Skip to main content

Richard Frary collection of Stephen Crane materials

Identifier: MS-0421

  • Staff Only
  • No requestable containers

Scope and Contents

The collection, compiled by Richard Frary, is formed by material related to Stephen Crane, with only some material created by Crane. The holding is composed of letters, programs, cabinet photographs of the author as well as reproduction photographs of his friends and family, bibliographic essays on Crane, and sheet music (inspired by his works). Most of the correspondence in this collection was written by Crane to his friends, and some events ephemera was once owned by Crane or relate to events he participated in. It appears that some materials created by Stanley Wertheim, prominent Stephen Crane scholar, was added to this collection at an unknown time. Overall, the holding ranges from the 1890s to early 2000s, with the most relevant materials dating to the 1890s.


  • Creation: 1890s-early 2000s


Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. Researchers are responsible for determining any copyright questions. It is not necessary to seek our permission as the owner of the physical work to publish or otherwise use public domain materials that we have made available for use, unless Johns Hopkins University holds the copyright.

Biographical / Historical

Stephen Crane (1871-1900) was an American novelist, poet, and short story writer who was born in Newark, New Jersey, and attended Syracuse University - although only for one semester. In 1895, Crane wrote The Red Badge of Courage, which earned him international acclaim. After living and writing in New York, the American West, Mexico, as well as Jacksonville, Florida--Crane covered the Greco-Turkish War, later settling in a 14th century manor house at Brede Place, Sussex. In England, he made friends with famous writers of the time including H.G. Wells and Henry James. He later covered the Spanish-American War for Joseph Pulitzer's New York World. During the last few years of his life, he began writing furiously because he was in debt and suffering from tuberculosis. Stephen Crane died in Badenweiler, Baden, Germany June 5, 1900.

Source: (accessed in 2008)


0.57 Cubic Feet (1 full letter-size document box, 1 half letter-size document box)

Language of Materials



Stephen Crane (1871-1900) was an American novelist, poet, and short story writer, who in 1895 wrote "The Red Badge of Courage", which earned him international acclaim. This collection of materials relating to Crane, compiled by Johns Hopkins University alumnus Richard Frary, includes letters (many by Crane), events ephemera, photographs, articles of literary criticism, and sheet music (inspired by his fiction). The materials date from the 1890s to the early 2000s.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

This manuscript collection was donated by Johns Hopkins University alumnus Richard Frary in September 2000, as part of his book collection, which also centered around Stephen Crane.

Related Materials

The Richard Frary book collection of Stephen Crane. Please contact Special Collections for more information.

Processing Information

Finding aid prepared by Joan Grattan on August 5, 2008. Reprocessed by Annie Tang in March 2017. Items were either cataloged or removed from the initial container list and thus a new finding aid was produced in 2017.

Guide to the Richard Frary collection of Stephen Crane materials
Annie Tang
March 2017
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Repository

The Sheridan Libraries
Special Collections
3400 N Charles St
Baltimore MD 21218 USA